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शनिवार, 28 अक्तूबर 2017

Class–VII Political Science unit one equality in Indian democracy

Class–VII Political Science
unit one equality in Indian democracy
Q1: In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important?
Answer: Universal adult franchise is a very important aspect of democratic societies.
  • It is promotes the idea of equality.
  • It means that all adult (those who are 18 and above) citizens have the right to vote irrespective of their social or economic backgrounds.
  • It makes the government more accountable towards her people.
Q2: Re-read the box on Article 15 and state two ways in which this Article addresses inequality?
Answer:
  1. It states all citizens can go to public places like shops,cinema halls, restaurants etc. They cannot be stopped to enter these public places based on their caste, colour, religion or gender.
  2. It specifically mention that any citizen irrespective of his background can use wells, ponds, roads or public property or places funded by the government.
Q3: In what ways was OmprakashValmiki’s experience similar to that of the Ansaris?
Answer:
  1. Both of them suffer unequal treatment or discriminated at individual level because they belong to different caste or religion.
  2. Both these incidents also show though the law enforces equality but such inequalities exist within our society.
  3. In both cases, the dignity of the persons is not respected.
Q4: What do you understand by the term “all persons are equal before the law”? Why do you think it is important in a democracy?
Answer: The term ‘All persons are equal before the law’ means every citizen is entitled to all the constitutional rights and freedoms without making distinction of any kind, like gender, status, race, religion or place of birth.
It is a founding aspect of democracy. It ensures that government will take care about the needs of the all the citizens and fulfill them. It safeguards the interests of people.
Q5: The Government of India passed the Disabilities Act in 1995. This law states that persons with disabilities have equal rights, and that the government should make possible their full participation in society. The government has to provide free education and integrate children with disabilities into mainstream schools. This law also states that all public places including buildings, schools, etc., should be accessible and provided with ramps.Look at the photograph and think about the boy who is being carried down the stairs. Do you think the above law is being implemented in his case? What needs to be done to make the building more accessible for him? How would his being carried down the stairs affect his dignity as well as his safety?
Answer: No the Disabilities Act is not being followed here. This is also a violation of Article 15 because physically disabled person cannot access public places. Building must have proper ramps, audio guidelines and other accessibility measures. The way boy being carried down the stairs affect his dignity and the method is unsafe. It affects his dignity because every time he has to depend on other persons. Carrying the wheel chair as shown in figure is dangerous. An unbalance can cause physical injury to the boy. This “charity based” approach has a negative impact on boy’s mind.
It is important such needs be address through ‘rights-based’ approach i.e. all persons believe that they have equal share of the public resources.

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