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शनिवार, 28 अक्तूबर 2017

Class –VIII GEOGRAPHY Human environment-settlement transport and communication


NCERT Solutions class-7 Geography Human environment-settlement transport and communication


Class –VIII GEOGRAPHY
Human environment-settlement transport and communication
1.Answer the following questions.
(i)What are the four means of transport?
Answer (a)roadways (b)railways(c)waterways(d)airways
(ii)What do you understand by the term ‘settlement’?
Answer : by the term settlement we mean those where people build their homes.
(iii)Which are the activities practiced by the rural people?
Answer :the activities practiced the rural people are agriculture ,fishing ,forestry, crafts work and trading etc,.
(iv)Mention any two merits of railways.
a)they carry heavy goods and people over long distances quickly and cheaply.
b)they carry them in bulk.
(v)What do you understand by communication?
Answer :communication is the process of conveying massages to others with the development of technology human have devised new and fast models of communication.
(vi)What is mass media?
Answer :mass media is the mean by which communication can be established with a large number of people at one time newspaper ,radio and television are the popular means of mass media .
2.Tick the correct Answer.
(i)Which is NOT a means of communication?
(a)telephone(b) books(c) table
Answer c) table
(ii)Which type of road is constructed under the ground?
(a)fly over(b) expressways(c) subways
Answer : c) subways
(iii)Which mode of transport is most suitable to reach an island?
(a)ship(b) train(c)car
Answer : a)ship
(iv)Which vehicle does not pollute the environment
(a)cycle(b)bus(c) aeroplane
Answer : (a)cycle
3.Match the following.
(Q3
(i) Internet(a) Areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(ii) Canal route(b) Closely-built area of houses
(iii) Urban areas(c) Houses on stilts
(iv) Compact settlement(d)Inland waterway
(e) A means of communication
Answerwer :
(i)Internet(e)A means of communication
(ii)Canal route(d)Inland waterway
(iii)Urban areas(a)Areas where people are engaged in manufacturing, trade and services
(iv)Compact settlement(b)Closely-built area of houses




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