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शनिवार, 28 अक्तूबर 2017

Class –VII Political Science role of the government in health

Class –VII
Political Science role of the government in health
Q1: In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the Constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words.
An important part of the Constitution says it is the “duty of the State to raise the level ofnutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.”
Answer: Living Standard: is the environment, the atmosphere built across the surroundings of people
living in different regions. In well constructed urban areas standard of living is far better in
comparison to underdeveloped rural areas. Clean, pollution free surroundings lead to good living standards.
Whereas living in regions of dirty, poor sanitation, dusty lands leads to poor living standards.
Public Health: It is the wellness of all people, whether rich or poor, educated or uneducated, man or woman etc. to remain healthy and free of any disease. Right to life is everyone’s right without any discrimination. That is why it is named as “public” health and every individual can have the facilities given by the government in this respect.
Q2: What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all?Discuss.
Answer: The different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all are:
1. Government could increase the number of hospitals or medical vans in rural and remote places.
2. Sanitation habits and proper drainage system could be improved.
3. With the help of different agencies, government could provide good filters with clean and safe drinking water.
4. Proper garbage dumps and disposable bags should be provided and maintained.
5. By different campaigns and educational programmes, people should be aware of different health problems.
6. Special treatments must be there for women, which are a vital part of our society.
7. Medicines should be available either at free costs or at very low costs.
8. Even proper toilets and washrooms should be made and maintained in every corner of the society.
These are some of the ways for the improvement of health of our public which if implemented properlycould definitely bring a positive change in our society.
Q3. What differences do you find between private and public health services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these:
Answer:
FacilityCost of ServicesAvailability of service
PrivateExpensive (high cost)Easily Available(use advance and modern techniques)
PublicCheap(low cost)Difficult to avail proper services(lack in efficiency)(lack of modern equipment)
Above table concludes that private health centers provide efficient, friendly, quality services. Doctors are well educated and qualified and provide best facilities to their patients and hence costly. Whereas public health centers,due to lack in infrastructure,provide services which don’t match with the advanced techniques used by private ones but these facilities are easily used by poor people.
Q4 :‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ Explain with the help of examples.
Answer: Improvement in water and sanitation can control numerous diseases especially water borne diseases.
Cholera, malaria, jaundice, typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery and other diseases could be prevented by special organised methods and techniques. Health of people and their standard of living would be improved.
Example – Regular checks of water coolers, roof tops and wherever the water is stagnant should be there in every house.These could prevent mosquito breeding and could save many lives.

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