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गुरुवार, 14 सितंबर 2017

IMPORTANCE OF SEPTEMBER,15 ( In Hindi and English)

September 15
प्रमुख घटनाएँ
1894- चीन-जापान प्रथम युद्ध में पियोंगयांग की लड़ाइ में जापान ने चीन को करारी मात दी।
1922- स्मरना अग्निकांड। संभवतः तुर्की सेना द्वारा 13-15 सितंबर तक लगाए गए इस आग में स्मरना के अधिकांश हिस्से नष्ट हो गए थे। एक अनुमान के अनुसार इसमें एक लाख लोग मारे गए थे।
1931- गांधी-इरविन समझौता।
1951- कम्युनिस्ट चीन ने तिब्बत पर कब्जा कर लिया और दलाई लामा के मठ में अपने पुजारियों को भेजा।
1959- भारत की राष्ट्रीय प्रसारण सेवा दूरदर्शन की शुरुआत।
1959- रूसी नेता निकिता ख्रुश्चेव अमेरिका की यात्रा करने वाले सोवियत संघ के पहले नेता बने।
1971- हरी-भरी और शांति पूर्ण दुनिया के निर्माण के लिए प्रतिबद्ध ग्रीन पीस की स्थापना 12 सदस्यों वाली डाँट मेक ए वेभ कमिटि द्वारा की गइ।
जन्म
1890- मैरी क्लैरिसा ऐगथा मिलर, इंगलैंड की प्रसिद्ध अंगरेजी उपन्यासकार जो बाद में ऐगथा क्रिस्टी के नाम से मशहूर हुईं।
1922- जैकी कूपर, अमेरिकी अभिनेता और निर्देशक
१९०५- डा० रामकुमार वर्मा भारत प्रसिद्ध हिन्दी साहित्यकार
1860 - विश्वेश्वरैया भारतीय इंजीनियर, विद्वान, और राजनीतिज्ञ, मैसूर राज्य के दीवान
1876 - शरतचंद्र चट्टोपाध्याय, भारतीय लेखक
1909 - सीएन अन्नादुरई, भारतीय राजनीतिज्ञ, तमिलनाडु के 7 वें मुख्यमंत्री
1939 - भारत के लिए सुब्रमण्यम स्वामी, भारतीय अर्थशास्त्री, शैक्षणिक, और राजनीतिज्ञ, कानून मंत्री और न्यायमूर्ति

1967 - राम्या कृष्णन, भारतीय अभिनेत्री

On 15th September 1959, Doordarshan (DD) India’s Public Service broadcaster was launched in New Delhi.

Doordarshan is a part of the Prasar Bharti (India’s largest public broadcaster) and is the largest broadcasting company in India and has a strong studio and transformer infrastructure. Doordarshan extends TV, Radio, mobile and online services across metropolitan and regional areas, as well as internationally, through the Indian network and radio across India. Doordarshan had a humble beginning on 15th September 1959 in Delhi, with a test telecast, using a temporary studio and a small transmitter.

In 1965, regular daily transmissions were started by Doordarshan as a part of the All India Radio. By 1972, TV services were extended to Mumbai and Amritsar up to 1975 only 7 cities across India had TV service and Doordarshan was the only service provider of TV in India.

On 1st April 1976, TV services were separated from radio and the office of the All India Radio and Doordarshan were managed by separate Director Generals in Delhi. In 1982 Doordarshan came into existence as a national broadcaster and reached all parts of the country. The first program to be telecast on Doordarshan was Krishi Darshan, which began on 26th January 1967 and is remembered as the longest running TV program.

Some popular TV shows on Doordarshan were; Hum Log, Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, Buniyaad, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Shaktimaan, Bharat Ek Khoj, Chitrahaar, Karamchand, Byomkesh Bakshi, Vikram aur Betaal, Malgudi Days, Oshin (a Japanese TV series), Jungle Book, The Peacock Calls and University Girls (documentaries).



Currently, Doordarshan operates 21 channels, out of which two are all India channels - DD National and DD News, 11 regional language satellite channels, and sports channels (DD Sports), four state networks and Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha TV, which broadcast parliamentary proceedings live. DD National (also known as DD1) broadcasts regional and local programs. The DD New channel provides 24 hours news broadcast.

The regional language satellite channels are divided into two parts; regional services for that particular state and regional language programs available through cable operators. DD Sports is the only channel which broadcasts national and international sporting events and is also the only sports channel which covers sports such as Kho-Kho and Kabaddi, which are popular in rural areas and are not covered by other private TV channels.

An interactive service of Tata Sky shows Doordarshan programs which are not otherwise available on Tata Sky or other channels. Some active Doordarshan channels are DD Kashmiri, DD Gujarati, DD Punjabi and DD Chandana. Doordarshan also has a service called DD Direct Plus which is DTH service and is free of charge. Doordarshan India also broadcasts internationally through a satellite and is available across 146 channels around the world. From a modest beginning in 1959, Doordarshan now has a global reach and continues to inform and entertain viewers of different generations across geography.
Also on This Day:
1860: M. Visvesvaraya was born.
1903: Wazir Syed Ali, right-hand batsman and right-arm fast medium bowler, was born at Jalandhar.
1909: C.N Annadurai, one of the founders of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam was born.
1948: Independent India’s first flagship INS Delhi (alias R.N Achilles) arrived at Mumbai port.

1953: S. Vijayalakshmi Pandit was elected as the first lady President of the eighth session of the United Nations Organisations General Assembly.


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2017
September 15 in recent years
  2016 (Thursday)
  2015 (Tuesday)
  2014 (Monday)
  2013 (Sunday)
  2012 (Saturday)
  2011 (Thursday)
  2010 (Wednesday)
  2009 (Tuesday)
  2008 (Monday)
  2007 (Saturday)
September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 107 days remaining until the end of the year. This date is slightly more likely to fall on a Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday (58 in 400 years each) than on Sunday or Monday (57), and slightly less likely to occur on a Wednesday or Friday (56).

Contents 
1 Events
2 Births
3 Deaths
Events
668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
994 – Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.
1440 – Gilles de Rais, one of the earliest known serial killers, is taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by Jean de Malestroit, Bishop of Nantes.
1530 – Appearance of the miraculous portrait of Saint Dominic in Soriano in Soriano Calabro, Calabria, Italy; commemorated as a feast day by the Roman Catholic Church 1644-1912.
1556 – Departing from Vlissingen, ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.
1762 – Seven Years' War: Battle of Signal Hill.
1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces land at Kip's Bay during the New York Campaign.
1789 – The United States "Department of Foreign Affairs", established by law in July, is renamed the Department of State and given a variety of domestic duties.
1794 – French Revolutionary Wars: Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington) sees his first combat at the Battle of Boxtel during the Flanders Campaign.
1795 – Britain seizes the Dutch Cape Colony in southern Africa to prevent its use by the Batavian Republic.
1812 – The French army under Napoleon reaches the Kremlin in Moscow.
1812 – War of 1812: A second supply train sent to relieve Fort Harrison is ambushed in the Attack at the Narrows.
1816 – HMS Whiting runs aground on the Doom Bar
1820 – Constitutionalist revolution in Lisbon, Portugal.
1821 – Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica jointly declare independence from Spain.
1830 – The Liverpool to Manchester railway line opens; British MP William Huskisson becomes the first widely reported railway passenger fatality when he is struck and killed by the locomotive Rocket.
1835 – HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin aboard, reaches the Galápagos Islands. The ship lands at Chatham or San Cristobal, the easternmost of the archipelago.
1851 – Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia.
1862 – American Civil War: Confederate forces capture Harpers Ferry, Virginia (present-day Harpers Ferry, West Virginia)
1873 – Franco-Prussian War: The last German troops leave France upon completion of payment of indemnity.
1894 – First Sino-Japanese War: Japan defeats Qing dynasty China in the Battle of Pyongyang.
1915 – The Empire Picture Theatre (now The New Empire Cinema), the oldest running cinema in mainland Australia, opens in Bowral, New South Wales.
1916 – World War I: Tanks are used for the first time in battle, at the Battle of the Somme.
1918 – World War I: Allied troops break through the Bulgarian defenses on the Macedonian Front.
1935 – The Nuremberg Laws deprive German Jews of citizenship.
1935 – Nazi Germany adopts a new national flag bearing the swastika.
1940 – World War II: The climax of the Battle of Britain, when the Royal Air Force shoots down large numbers of Luftwaffe aircraft.
1942 – World War II: U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp is sunk by Japanese torpedoes at Guadalcanal.
1944 – Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill meet in Quebec as part of the Octagon Conference to discuss strategy.
1944 – Battle of Peleliu begins as the United States Marine Corps' 1st Marine Division and the United States Army's 81st Infantry Division hit White and Orange beaches under heavy fire from Japanese infantry and artillery.
1945 – A hurricane strikes southern Florida and the Bahamas, destroying 366 airplanes and 25 blimps at Naval Air Station Richmond.
1947 – Typhoon Kathleen hit the Kanto Region in Japan killing 1,077.
1948 – The F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 671 miles per hour (1,080 km/h).
1950 – Korean War: United States forces land at Inchon
1952 – The United Nations cedes Eritrea to Ethiopia.
1958 – A Central Railroad of New Jersey commuter train runs through an open drawbridge at the Newark Bay, killing 48.
1959 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes the first Soviet leader to visit the United States.
1962 – The Soviet ship Poltava heads toward Cuba, one of the events that sets into motion the Cuban Missile Crisis.
1963 – 16th Street Baptist Church bombing: Four children killed in the bombing of an African-American church in Birmingham, Alabama, United States.
1967 – U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.
1968 – The Soviet Zond 5 spaceship is launched, becoming the first spacecraft to fly around the Moon and re-enter the Earth's atmosphere.
1971 – The first Greenpeace ship sets sail to protest against nuclear testing on Amchitka Island.
1972 – A Scandinavian Airlines System domestic flight from Gothenburg to Stockholm is hijacked and flown to Malmö Bulltofta Airport.
1974 – Air Vietnam Flight 706 is hijacked, then crashes while attempting to land with 75 on board.
1975 – The French department of "Corse" (the entire island of Corsica) is divided into two: Haute-Corse (Upper Corsica) and Corse-du-Sud (Southern Corsica)
1978 – Muhammad Ali outpointed Leon Spinks in a rematch to become the first boxer to win the world heavyweight title three times at the Superdome in New Orleans.
1981 – The Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves Sandra Day O'Connor to become the first female justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
1981 – The John Bull becomes the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operates it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.
1983 – Israeli premier Menachem Begin resigns.
2000 – The opening ceremony of the 2000 Summer Olympics was held in Sydney, Australia.
2001 – President George W. Bush gives his first post September 11th weekly address.
2004 – National Hockey League commissioner Gary Bettman announces lockout of the players' union and cessation of operations by the NHL head office.
2008 – Lehman Brothers files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, the largest bankruptcy filing in U.S. history.
Births[edit]
767 – Saichō, Japanese monk (d. 822)

786 – Al-Ma'mun, Iraqi caliph (d. 833)
1461 – Jacopo Salviati, Italian politician(d. 1553)
1505 – Mary of Hungary, Dutch ruler (d. 1558)
1533 – Catherine of Austria, Queen of Poland (d. 1572)
1580 – Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer and author (d. 1659)
1592 – Giovanni Battista Rinuccini, archbishop of Fermo (d. 1653)
1613 – François de La Rochefoucauld, French soldier and author (d. 1680)
1649 – Titus Oates, English minister, fabricated the Popish Plot (d. 1705)
1666 – Sophia Dorothea of Celle (d. 1726)
1690 – Ignazio Prota, Italian composer and educator (d. 1748)
1715 – Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval, French general and engineer (d. 1789)
1736 – Jean Sylvain Bailly, French astronomer, mathematician, and politician, 1st Mayor of Paris (d. 1793)
1759 – Cornelio Saavedra, Argentinean general and politician (d. 1829)
1760 – Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien, Prussian general (d. 1824)
1765 – Manuel Maria Barbosa du Bocage, Portuguese poet and author (d. 1805)
1789 – James Fenimore Cooper, American novelist, short story writer, and historian (d. 1851)
1815 – Halfdan Kjerulf, Norwegian journalist and composer (d. 1868)
1819 – Cyprien Tanguay, Canadian priest and historian (d. 1902)
1828 – Alexander Butlerov, Russian chemist and academic (d. 1886)
1830 – Porfirio Díaz, Mexican general and politician, 29th President of Mexico (d. 1915)
1846 – George Franklin Grant, African-American educator, dentist, and inventor (d. 1910)
1852 – Edward Bouchet, American physicist and educator (d. 1918)
1852 – Jan Ernst Matzeliger, Surinamese-American inventor (d. 1889)
1857 – William Howard Taft, American lawyer, jurist, and politician, 27th President of the United States (d. 1930)
1857 – Anna Winlock, American astronomer and academic (d. 1904)
1858 – Charles de Foucauld, French priest and martyr (d. 1916)
1858 – Jenő Hubay, Hungarian violinist, composer, and educator (d. 1937)
1861 – M. Visvesvaraya, Indian engineer, scholar, and Bharat Ratna Laureate, Diwan of the Mysore Kingdom (d. 1962)
1863 – Horatio Parker, American organist, composer, and educator (d. 1919)
1864 – Prince Sigismund of Prussia (d. 1866)
1867 – Vladimir May-Mayevsky, Russian general (d. 1920)
1876 – Bruno Walter, German-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 1962)
1876 – Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Bengali novelist (d. 1938)
1877 – Jakob Ehrlich, Czech-Austrian politician (d. 1938)
1877 – Yente Serdatzky, Lithuanian-American author and playwright (d. 1962)
1879 – Joseph Lyons, Australian educator and politician, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
1881 – Ettore Bugatti, Italian-French businessman, founded Bugatti (d. 1947)
1883 – Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
1886 – Paul Lévy, French mathematician and theorist (d. 1971)
1887 – Carlos Dávila, Chilean journalist and politician, President of Chile (d. 1955)
1888 – Antonio Ascari, Italian race car driver (d. 1925)
1889 – Robert Benchley, American humorist, newspaper columnist, and actor (d. 1945)
1889 – Claude McKay, Jamaican-American poet and author (d. 1948)
1890 – Ernest Bullock, English organist and composer (d. 1979)
1890 – Agatha Christie, English crime novelist, short story writer, and playwright (d. 1976)
1890 – Frank Martin, Swiss-Dutch pianist and composer (d. 1974)
1892 – Silpa Bhirasri, Italian sculptor and educator (d. 1962)
1894 – Chic Harley, American football player (d. 1974)
1894 – Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist and academic (d. 1977)
1894 – Jean Renoir, French actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1979)
1897 – Merle Curti, American historian and author (d. 1997)
1898 – J. Slauerhoff, Dutch poet and author (d. 1936)
1901 – Donald Bailey, English engineer, designed Bailey bridge (d. 1985)
1903 – Roy Acuff, American singer-songwriter and fiddler (d. 1992)
1904 – Umberto II of Italy (d. 1983)
1904 – Sheilah Graham Westbrook, English-American actress, journalist, and author (d. 1988)
1906 – Jacques Becker, French actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1960)
1906 – Walter E. Rollins, American songwriter (d. 1973)
1907 – Gunnar Ekelöf, Swedish poet and author (d. 1968)
1907 – Fay Wray, Canadian-American actress (d. 2004)
1908 – Kid Sheik, American trumpet player (d. 1996)
1908 – Penny Singleton, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
1909 – C. N. Annadurai, Indian educator and politician, 7th Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (d. 1969)
1909 – Phil Arnold, American actor (d. 1968)
1910 – Betty Neels, English nurse and author (d. 2001)
1911 – Karsten Solheim, Norwegian-American businessman, founded PING (d. 2000)
1911 – Luther Terry, American physician and academic, 9th Surgeon General of the United States (d. 1985)
1913 – Henry Brant, Canadian-American composer and conductor (d. 2008)
1913 – Bruno Hoffmann, German glass harp player (d. 1991)
1913 – John N. Mitchell, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 67th United States Attorney General (d. 1988)
1913 – Johannes Steinhoff, German general and pilot (d. 1994)
1914 – Creighton Abrams, American general (d. 1974)
1914 – Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentinian journalist and author (d. 1999)
1914 – Orhan Kemal, Turkish author (d. 1970)
1914 – Robert McCloskey, American author and illustrator (d. 2003)
1915 – Fawn M. Brodie, American historian and author (d. 1981)
1915 – Al Casey, American guitarist and composer (d. 2005)
1915 – Albert Whitlock, English-American special effects designer (d. 1999)
1916 – Margaret Lockwood, Pakistani-English actress (d. 1990)
1916 – Frederick C. Weyand, American general (d. 2010)
1917 – Hilde Gueden, Austrian soprano (d. 1988)
1918 – Alfred D. Chandler Jr., American historian and academic (d. 2007)
1918 – Phil Lamason, New Zealand soldier and pilot (d. 2012)
1918 – Margot Loyola, Chilean singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2015)
1918 – Nipsey Russell, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)
1919 – Fausto Coppi, Italian cyclist and soldier (d. 1960)
1919 – Nelson Gidding, American author and screenwriter (d. 2004)
1919 – Heda Margolius Kovály, Czech author and translator (d. 2010)
1920 – Kym Bonython, Australian race car driver, drummer, and radio host (d. 2011)
1921 – Richard Gordon, English surgeon and author
1921 – Gene Roland, American pianist and composer (d. 1982)
1922 – Bob Anderson, English fencer and choreographer (d. 2012)
1922 – Jackie Cooper, American actor (d. 2011)
1922 – Gaetano Cozzi, Italian historian and academic (d. 2001)
1922 – Mary Soames, English author (d. 2014)
1923 – Anton Heiller, Austrian organist, composer, and conductor (d. 1979)
1924 – Lucebert, Dutch poet and painter (d. 1994)
1924 – György Lázár, Hungarian politician, 50th Prime Minister of Hungary (d. 2014)
1924 – Bobby Short, American singer and pianist (d. 2005)
1924 – Mordechai Tzipori, Israeli politician and soldier (d. 2017)
1925 – Stanley Chapman, English architect and author (d. 2009)
1925 – Carlo Rambaldi, Italian special effects artist (d. 2012)
1925 – Helle Virkner, Danish actress and singer (d. 2009)
1926 – Shohei Imamura, Japanese director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 2006)
1926 – Jean-Pierre Serre, French mathematician and academic
1927 – Norm Crosby, American comedian and actor
1927 – Erika Köth, German soprano (d. 1981)
1927 – David Stove, Australian philosopher and academic (d. 1994)
1928 – Cannonball Adderley, American saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1975)
1929 – Eva Burrows, Australian 13th General of The Salvation Army (d. 2015)
1929 – Murray Gell-Mann, American physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1929 – Stan Kelly-Bootle, English singer-songwriter, computer scientist, and author (d. 2014)
1929 – Dick Latessa, American actor (d. 2016)
1929 – John Julius Norwich, English historian and author
1929 – Mümtaz Soysal, Turkish academic and politician, 30th Turkish Minister of Foreign Affairs
1930 – Endel Lippmaa, Estonian physicist and academic (d. 2015)
1931 – Brian Henderson, New Zealand-Australian journalist, actor, and producer
1932 – Neil Bartlett, English-American chemist and academic (d. 2008)
1933 – Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Spanish conductor and composer (d. 2014)
1934 – Tomie dePaola, American author and illustrator
1934 – Fred Nile, Australian soldier, minister, and politician
1935 – Dinkha IV, Iraqi patriarch (d. 2015)
1936 – Ashley Cooper, Australian tennis player
1936 – Sara Henderson, Australian farmer and author (d. 2005)
1937 – Joey Carew, Trinidadian cricketer (d. 2011)
1937 – Fernando de la Rúa, Argentinian lawyer and politician, 51st President of Argentina
1937 – Robert Lucas Jr., American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate
1937 – Pino Puglisi, Italian priest and martyr (d. 1993)
1938 – Gaylord Perry, American baseball player and coach
1939 – Subramanian Swamy, Indian economist, academic, and politician, Indian Minister of Law and Justice
1939 – George Walden, English journalist and politician
1940 – Merlin Olsen, American football player, sportscaster, and actor (d. 2010)
1941 – Flórián Albert, Hungarian footballer and manager (d. 2011)
1941 – Signe Toly Anderson, American rock singer (d. 2016)
1941 – Mirosław Hermaszewski, Polish general, pilot, and astronaut
1941 – Yuriy Norshteyn, Russian animator, director, and screenwriter
1941 – Viktor Zubkov, Russian businessman and politician, 37th Prime Minister of Russia
1942 – Lee Dorman, American bass player (d. 2012)
1942 – Philip Harris, Baron Harris of Peckham, English businessman and politician
1942 – Ksenia Milicevic, French painter and architect
1944 – Mauro Piacenza, Italian cardinal
1944 – Graham Taylor, English footballer and manager (d. 2017)
1945 – Carmen Maura, Spanish actress
1945 – Jessye Norman, American soprano
1945 – Hans-Gert Pöttering, German lawyer and politician, 23rd President of the European Parliament
1945 – Ron Shelton, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 – Tommy Lee Jones, American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1946 – Mike Procter, South African cricketer, coach, and referee
1946 – Oliver Stone, American director, screenwriter, and producer
1946 – Howard Waldrop, American author and critic
1947 – Viggo Jensen, Danish footballer and manager
1947 – Diane E. Levin, American educator and author
1947 – Theodore Long, American wrestling referee and manager
1949 – Joe Barton, American lawyer and politician
1950 – Mirza Masroor Ahmad, Pakistani-English caliph and scholar
1951 – Pete Carroll, American football player and coach
1951 – Johan Neeskens, Dutch footballer and manager
1952 – Richard Brodeur, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
1952 – Paula Duncan, Australian actress
1952 – Ratnajeevan Hoole, Sri Lankan engineer and academic
1952 – Kelly Keagy, American singer and drummer
1953 – Keiko Takeshita, Japanese actress
1954 – Hrant Dink, Turkish journalist (d. 2007)
1955 – Željka Antunović, Croatian politician, 9th Croatian Minister of Defence
1955 – Abdul Qadir, Pakistani cricketer
1955 – Bruce Reitherman, American voice actor, singer, cinematographer, and producer
1955 – Renzo Rosso, Italian fashion designer and businessman, co-founded Diesel Clothing
1956 – Ross J. Anderson, British academic and educator
1956 – Maggie Reilly, Scottish singer-songwriter
1956 – Ned Rothenberg, American saxophonist, clarinet player, and composer
1958 – Joel Quenneville, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
1958 – Wendie Jo Sperber, American actress (d. 2005)
1959 – Mark Kirk, American commander, lawyer, and politician
1960 – Ed Solomon, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1961 – Terry Lamb, Australian rugby league player and coach
1961 – Helen Margetts, British political scientist
1961 – Dan Marino, American football player and sportscaster
1961 – Patrick Patterson, Jamaican cricketer
1962 – Amanda Wakeley, English fashion designer
1963 – Pete Myers, American basketball player and coach
1963 – Stephen C. Spiteri, Maltese military historian
1964 – Robert Fico, Slovak academic and politician, 14th Prime Minister of Slovakia
1964 – Steve Watkin, Welsh cricketer
1964 – Doyle Wolfgang von Frankenstein, American guitarist and songwriter
1966 – Sherman Douglas, American basketball player
1967 – Paul Abbott, American baseball player and coach
1967 – Rodney Eyles, Australian squash player
1969 – Revaz Arveladze, Georgian footballer
1969 – Allen Shellenberger, American drummer (d. 2009)
1971 – Nathan Astle, New Zealand cricketer and coach
1971 – Josh Charles, American actor and director
1971 – Wayne Ferreira, South African tennis player
1971 – Ben Wallers, English singer-songwriter and guitarist
1972 – Jimmy Carr, English comedian, actor, producer, and screenwriter
1972 – Queen Letizia of Spain
1973 – Prince Daniel, Duke of Västergötland, Swedish prince
1974 – Arata Iura, Japanese actor, model, and fashion designer
1975 – Tom Dolan, American swimmer
1975 – Martina Krupičková, Czech painter
1976 – Brett Kimmorley, Australian rugby league player and sportscaster
1976 – Paul Thomson, Scottish drummer
1976 – Matt Thornton, American baseball player
1977 – Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, Nigerian novelist, essayist, and short story writer
1977 – Angela Aki, Japanese singer-songwriter
1977 – Sophie Dahl, English model and author
1977 – Tom Hardy, English actor
1977 – Leander Jordan, American football player
1977 – Jason Terry, American basketball player
1978 – Zach Filkins, American guitarist
1978 – Eiður Guðjohnsen, Icelandic footballer
1979 – Dave Annable, American actor
1979 – Patrick Marleau, Canadian ice hockey player
1979 – Carlos Ruiz, Guatemalan footballer
1980 – David Diehl, American football player and sportscaster
1980 – Mike Dunleavy Jr., American basketball player
1983 – Yuka Hirata, Japanese actress and model
1983 – Luke Hochevar, American baseball player
1984 – Prince Harry of Wales
1984 – Loek van Mil, Dutch baseball player
1984 – Cyhi the Prynce, American rapper and producer
1985 – François-Olivier Roberge, Canadian speed skater
1986 – George Watsky, American hip-hop artist, poet and author
1987 – Aly Cissokho, French footballer
1988 – Michael Cooper, English rugby league player
1988 – Clare Maguire, English singer-songwriter
1988 – Tim Moltzen, Australian rugby league player
1990 – Oliver Gill, English footballer
1990 – Aaron Mooy, Australian footballer
1991 – Lee Jung-shin, South Korean rapper and bass player
1991 – Phil Ofosu-Ayeh, German-Ghanaian footballer
1995 – Joe Ofahengaue, New Zealand-Tongan rugby league player
1996 – Nao Furuhata, Japanese idol and singer
1999 – Nana Owada, Japanese idol, singer, and actress
Deaths[edit]
668 – Constans II, Byzantine emperor (b. 630)
921 – Ludmila of Bohemia, Czech martyr and saint (b. 860)
1140 – Adelaide of Hungary, Duchess of Bohemia
1146 – Alan, 1st Earl of Richmond, English soldier (b. 1100)
1231 – Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (b. 1173)
1326 – Dmitry of Tver (b. 1299)
1352 – Ewostatewos, Ethiopian monk and saint (b. 1273)
1397 – Adam Easton, English cardinal
1408 – Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent, English politician (b. 1384)
1496 – Hugh Clopton, Lord Mayor of London (b. c. 1440)
1500 – John Morton, English cardinal and academic (b. 1420)
1504 – Elisabeth of Bavaria, Electress of the Palatinate (b. 1478)
1510 – Saint Catherine of Genoa (b. 1447)
1559 – Isabella Jagiellon, Queen of Hungary (d. 1519)
1596 – Leonhard Rauwolf, German physician and botanist (b. 1535)
1613 – Thomas Overbury, English poet and author (b. 1581)
1643 – Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, English-Irish politician, Lord High Treasurer of Ireland (b. 1566)
1649 – John Floyd, English priest and educator (b. 1572)
1700 – André Le Nôtre, French gardener (b. 1613)
1701 – Edmé Boursault, French author and playwright (b. 1638)
1707 – George Stepney, English poet and diplomat (b. 1663)
1712 – Sidney Godolphin, 1st Earl of Godolphin, English politician, Lord High Treasurer (b. 1645)
1750 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German organist and composer (b. 1690)
1794 – Abraham Clark, American police officer and politician (b. 1725)
1803 – Gian Francesco Albani, Italian cardinal (b. 1719)
1813 – Antoine Étienne de Tousard, French general and engineer (b. 1752)
1830 – François Baillairgé, Canadian painter and sculptor (b. 1759)
1830 – William Huskisson, English financier and politician, Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (b. 1770)
1841 – Alessandro Rolla, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1757)
1842 – Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (b. 1771)
1842 – Francisco Morazán, Guatemalan general, lawyer, and politician, President of Central American Federation (b. 1792)
1852 – Johann Karl Simon Morgenstern, German-Estonian philologist and academic (b. 1770)
1859 – Isambard Kingdom Brunel, English architect and engineer, designed the Great Western Railway (b. 1806)
1864 – John Hanning Speke, English soldier and explorer (b. 1827)
1883 – Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist and academic (b. 1801)
1893 – Thomas Hawksley, English engineer (b. 1807)
1915 – Ernest Gagnon, Canadian organist and composer (b. 1834)
1921 – Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, Austrian-Russian general (b. 1886)
1926 – Rudolf Christoph Eucken, German philosopher and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1846)
1930 – Milton Sills, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1882)
1938 – Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (b. 1900)
1940 – William B. Bankhead, American lawyer and politician, 47th Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1874)
1945 – André Tardieu, French journalist and politician, 97th Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
1945 – Anton Webern, Austrian composer and conductor (b. 1883)
1945 – Linnie Marsh Wolfe, American librarian and author (b. 1881)
1952 – Hugo Raudsepp, Estonian author and playwright (b. 1883)
1965 – Steve Brown, American bassist (b. 1890)
1972 – Ulvi Cemal Erkin, Turkish composer and educator (b. 1906)
1972 – Baki Süha Ediboğlu, Turkish poet and author (b. 1915)
1972 – Geoffrey Fisher, English archbishop and academic (b. 1887)
1973 – Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden (b. 1882)
1973 – Víctor Jara, Chilean singer-songwriter, poet, and director (b. 1932)
1975 – Franco Bordoni, Italian race car driver and pilot (b. 1913)
1978 – Robert Cliche, Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician (b. 1921)
1978 – Willy Messerschmitt, German engineer and academic, designed the Messerschmitt Bf 109 (b. 1898)
1980 – Bill Evans, American pianist and composer (b. 1929)
1981 – Rafael Méndez, Mexican trumpet player and composer (b. 1906)
1983 – Prince Far I, Jamaican DJ and producer (b. 1944)
1985 – Cootie Williams, American trumpet player (b. 1910)
1989 – Jan DeGaetani, American soprano (b. 1933)
1989 – Olga Erteszek, Polish-American fashion designer (b. 1916)
1989 – Robert Penn Warren, American novelist, poet, and literary critic (b. 1905)
1991 – John Hoyt, American actor (b. 1904)
1991 – Warner Troyer, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1932)
1993 – Pino Puglisi, Italian priest and martyr (b. 1937)
1995 – Harry Calder, South African cricketer (b. 1901)
1995 – Gunnar Nordahl, Swedish footballer and manager (b. 1921)
1998 – Louis Rasminsky, Canadian economist, 3rd Governor of the Bank of Canada (b. 1908)
2001 – June Salter, Australian actress and author (b. 1932)
2003 – Garner Ted Armstrong, American evangelist and author (b. 1930)
2004 – Johnny Ramone, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1948)
2004 – Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist and author (b. 1931)
2005 – Guy Green, English director and cinematographer (b. 1913)
2005 – Sidney Luft, American manager and producer (b. 1915)
2006 – Raymond Baxter, English television host and author (b. 1922)
2006 – Oriana Fallaci, Italian journalist and author (b. 1929)
2006 – Pablo Santos, Mexican-American actor (b. 1987)
2007 – Colin McRae, Scottish race car driver (b. 1968)
2007 – Jeremy Moore, English general (b. 1928)
2007 – Aldemaro Romero, Venezuelan pianist, composer, and conductor (b. 1928)
2007 – Brett Somers, Canadian-American actress and singer (b. 1924)
2008 – Richard Wright, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (b. 1943)
2009 – Troy Kennedy Martin, Scottish-English screenwriter (b. 1932)
2010 – Arrow, Caribbean singer-songwriter (b. 1949)
2011 – Frances Bay, Canadian-American actress (b. 1919)
2012 – Tibor Antalpéter, Hungarian volleyball player and diplomat, Hungarian Ambassador of Hungary to the United Kingdom (b. 1930)
2012 – Nevin Spence, Northern Irish rugby player (b. 1990)
2013 – Habib Munzir Al-Musawa, Indonesian cleric and scholar (b. 1973)
2013 – Jerry G. Bishop, American radio and television host (b. 1936)
2013 – Gerard Cafesjian, American businessman and philanthropist (b. 1925)
2013 – Jackie Lomax, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1944)
2014 – John Anderson Jr., American lawyer and politician, 36th Governor of Kansas (b. 1917)
2014 – Eugene I. Gordon, American physicist and engineer (b. 1930)
2014 – Nicholas Romanov, Prince of Russia (b. 1922)
2014 – Jürg Schubiger, Swiss psychotherapist and author (b. 1936)
2014 – Wayne Tefs, Canadian anthologist, author, and critic (b. 1947)
2015 – Harry J. Lipkin, Israeli physicist and academic (b. 1921)
2015 – Meir Pa'il, Israeli commander, historian, and politician (b. 1926)
2015 – Bernard Van de Kerckhove, Belgian cyclist (b. 1941)

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