शनिवार, 16 सितंबर 2017

17 सितम्बर :आज का इतिहास ( Today's History in Hindi and English)

17 सितम्बर :आज का इतिहास

1598 - नीदरलैंड के नाविकों ने मॉरिशस की खोज की।

1630 - अमेरिका के मैसाच्यूसेट्स राज्य में बोस्टन शहर की स्थापना हुई।

1644 - फ्रांसीसी सेना में जर्मनी के मेंज शहर पर कब्जा किया।

1876 - मशहूर बांगला साहित्यकार शरत चंद्र चटोपाध्याय का जन्म हुआ।

1922 - रेडियो मास्को का प्रसारण शुरू हुआ।

1934 - तत्कालीन सोवियन संघ लीग ऑफ नेशनंस में शामिल हुआ।

1947 - अमेरिका में रक्षा विभाग की स्थापना हुई।

1948- फिलिस्तीन के मामलों तथा अरबों और ज़ायोनी शासन के बीच होने वाले प्रथम युद्ध में संयुक्त राष्ट्र संघ के मध्यस्थ कोंट बर्नाडोट की बैतुल मुक़ददस के यहुदी बाहुल्य वाले क्षेत्र में हत्या कर दी गयी।

 1948- जर्मनी के लेखक इमिल लुडविग का निधन हुआ। वे 1881 में पैदा हुए थे। उन्होंने जर्मनी के राष्ट्रपति बेसमार्क की जीवनी लिखकर 19वीं शताब्दी में प्रसिद्धि प्राप्त की।

1949 - द्रविड़ मुनेत्र कषगम (द्रमुक) पाटी की स्थापना हुई।

1956 - ऑस्ट्रेलिया में पहली बार टेलीविजन पर प्रसारण हुआ।

1982 - भारत तथा श्रीलंका के बीच पहला क्रिकेट टेस्ट मैच खेला गया।

On 17th September 1949, the state political party of Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) which means “Dravadian Progress Federation” was founded by C.N Annadurai. The DMK was founded as a breakaway party from the Dravidar Kazhagam. The DMK, currently headed by M Karunanidhi (former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu) and is the only other party other than the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) to win a state-level election with a vast majority by itself in any state of the country.

The DMK found its origins in the South Indian Liberal Federation (Justice Party) founded in 1916 by Dr. P.T Rajan, Dr. C. Natesa Mudaliar and P. Thyagaraya Chetty, among others. The Justice Party’s vision included social justice and equality won the 1920 General Elections in the Madras Presidency and came to power. E.V Ramasami Naicker, a well known Tamil Reformist of his time joined the Indian National Congress (INC) to protest against the most of the leadership belonging to the Brahmin caste. In 1935, Naicker left the INC and became part of the Justice Party. In 1937 the Justice Party lost the elections and the INC led by C. Rajagopalachari (also known as Rajaji) formed the government in the Madras Presidency. Rajaji’s introduction of Hindi as a compulsory subject in schools gave rise to the anti-Hindi rebellion and was led by Naicker and his followers.

In August 1944, Naicker carved the Dravida Kazhagham out of the Justice Party, though the Dravida Kazhagham was started as a movement and not a political party. The Dravida Kazhagham wanted an independent country for Dravidians, which would be called Dravida Nadu and which would include areas of the Madras Presidency.

After many disagreements between Naicker and other party members over the years in 1949 many party members led by C. Annadurai parted ways with the Dravida Kazhagham after an elderly Naicker married a young woman Maniammai and named her his successor to lead the party. On 17th September 1949, Dr. P.T Rajan, Dr. C. Natesa Mudaliar and P. Thyagaraja Chetty along with E.V.K Sampath and N.V Natarajan among others announced the formation of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam in Chennai.

Famous Tamil film actor M.G Ramachandran (popularly known as MGR) became part of the DMK and promoted the party and its message through his films. Soon MGR began to be looked at as an icon for the DMK. MGR made a rather unsuccessful debut into politics in 1957. Initially even though Annadurai wanted a separated Dravidian nation, he changed his opinion after the Sino-Indian war in 1962 and supported Indian throughout the war. After the war ended, Annadurai’s patriotic feelings were so deep that he gave up his demand for a separate country.

In 1965 in response to the anti-Hindi turmoil the Central Government gave up its efforts to impose Hindi as the National Language of the country. The DMK finally came to power in the Madras Province in 1967, which marked the beginning of the Dravidian phase of the Madras Province which later became Tamil Nadu.

In 1969, following the death of Annadurai, there was a tussle for power between M. Karunanidhi and V.R Nedunchezhiyan. Most members of the DMK preferred Karunanidhi as their leader in comparison to Nedunchezhiyan. To satisfy both, a new post of the General Secretary was created, which was given to Nedunchezhiyan and Karunanidhi was made the Party President. MGR was made the treasurer of the party.

In 1971 the DMK contested the elections in an alliance with the Congress and won the election with a large majority, with Karunanidhi becoming the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for the second time.

By 1972, following a disagreement with party members, MGR boycotted the party’s General Council and was later suspended from it. MGR later founded the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). In 1977 the DMK had lost the elections to the AIADMK and didn’t return to power until 1987. In December 1987, following the death of MGR, the AIADMK was divided between MGR’s wife Janaki and Jayalalithaa. By 1989 the DMK had returned to power and Karunanidhi had become the Chief Minister. The AIADMK won the elections in 1991 following the assassination of then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Jayalalithaa became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

In 2004 the DMK formed an alliance with the Congress and won all 40 seats. But by 2009 the DMK had lost again because of charges against them relating to the large Tamil death toll in Sri Lanka and the corruption charges against the telecom minister in Parliament, relating to the 2G scam. In 2011 the DMK lost again to the AIADMK and Jayalalithaa again became the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu.

The DMK’s ideology includes social democracy, populist and democratic socialism and the party’s election symbol is a sun rising between two mountains, called the rising sun.

Also on This Day:

1879: E.V Ramasami Naicker was born.

1982: India and Ceylon played their first cricket test match.

1915: Renowned painter and film director, MF Hussain was born.

456 – Remistus, Roman general (magister militum), is besieged by a Gothic force at Ravenna and later executed in the Palace in Classis, outside the city.
1111 – Highest Galician nobility led by Pedro Fróilaz de Traba and the bishop Diego Gelmírez crown Alfonso VII as "King of Galicia".
1176 – The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought between the Byzantine Empire and the Seljuk Turks.
1382 – Louis the Great's daughter, Mary, is crowned "king" of Hungary.
1462 – The Battle of Świecino (also known as the Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
1577 – The Treaty of Bergerac is signed between Henry III of France and the Huguenots.
1620 – The Battle of Cecora (1620) is fought between the Ottoman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Polish–Ottoman War (1620–21).
1630 – The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1631 – Sweden wins a major victory at the Battle of Breitenfeld against the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War.
1658 – The Battle of Vilanova is fought between the Portugal and Spain during the Portuguese Restoration War.
1683 – Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of protozoa.
1775 – American Revolutionary War: The Invasion of Canada begins with the Siege of Fort St. Jean.
1776 – The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
1778 – The Treaty of Fort Pitt is signed. It is the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe (the Lenape or Delaware Indians).
1787 – The United States Constitution is signed in Philadelphia.
1793 – The Battle of Peyrestortes is fought.
1794 – The Battle of Sprimont is fought.
1809 – Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War; the territory that will become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1814 – Francis Scott Key finishes his poem "Defence of Fort McHenry", later to be the lyrics of "The Star-Spangled Banner".
1849 – American abolitionist Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery.
1859 – Joshua A. Norton declares himself "Norton I, Emperor of the United States."
1861 – Battle of Pavón is fought.
1862 – American Civil War: George B. McClellan halts the northward drive of Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army in the single-day Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American military history.
1862 – American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
1894 – Battle of the Yalu River, the largest naval engagement of the First Sino-Japanese War.
1900 – Philippine–American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham Jr. at Mabitac.
1901 – The Battle of Blood River Poort is fought.
1901 – The Battle of Elands River is fought.
1908 – The Wright Flyer flown by Orville Wright, with Lieutenant Thomas Selfridge as passenger, crashes, killing Selfridge, who becomes the first airplane fatality.
1914 – Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1914 – World War I: The Race to the Sea begins.
1916 – World War I: Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1924 – The Border Protection Corps is established in the Second Polish Republic for the defence of the eastern border against armed Soviet raids and local bandits.
1925 – Frida Kahlo suffers near-fatal injuries in a bus accident in Mexico, causing her to abandon her medical studies and take up art
1928 – The Okeechobee hurricane strikes southeastern Florida, killing more than 2,500 people. It is the third deadliest natural disaster in United States history, behind the Galveston hurricane of 1900 and the 1906 San Francisco earthquake.
1930 – The Ararat rebellion is suppressed.
1932 – A speech by Laureano Gómez leads to the escalation of the Leticia Incident.
1939 – World War II: The Soviet Union joins Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland during the Polish Defensive War of 1939.
1939 – World War II: German submarine U-29 sinks the British aircraft carrier HMS Courageous.
1940 – World War II: Following Nazi Germany's defeat in the Battle of Britain, Hitler postpones Operation Sea Lion indefinitely.
1941 – World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued.
1941 – World War II: Soviet forces enter Tehran marking the end of the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran.
1944 – World War II: Allied Airborne troops parachute into the Netherlands as the "Market" half of Operation Market Garden.
1944 – World War II: Soviet troops launch the Tallinn Offensive against Germany and pro independence Estonian units.
1944 – World War II: German forces are attacked by the Allies in the Battle of San Marino.
1948 – The Lehi (also known as the Stern gang) assassinates Count Folke Bernadotte, who was appointed by the United Nations to mediate between the Arab nations and Israel.
1948 – The Nizam of Hyderabad surrenders his sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joins the Indian Union.
1949 – The Canadian steamship SS Noronic burns in Toronto Harbour with the loss of over 118 lives.
1954 – The novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is first published.
1957 – Malaysia joins the United Nations.
1961 – The world's first retractable-dome stadium, the Civic Arena, opens in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
1961 –The Minnesota Vikings play and win their first regular season National Football League game.
1965 – The Battle of Chawinda is fought between Pakistan and India.
1974 – Bangladesh, Grenada and Guinea-Bissau join the United Nations.
1976 – The first Space Shuttle, Enterprise, is unveiled by NASA.
1978 – The Camp David Accords are signed by Israel and Egypt.
1980 – After weeks of strikes at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland, the nationwide independent trade union Solidarity is established.
1980 – Former Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza Debayle is killed in Asunción, Paraguay.
1983 – Vanessa Williams becomes the first black Miss America.
1988 – The 1988 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXIV Olympiad are opened in Seoul, South Korea.
1991 – Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands and Micronesia join the United Nations.
1991 – The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
1992 – An Iranian Kurdish leader and his two joiners are assassinated by political militants in Berlin, Germany.
2001 – The New York Stock Exchange reopens for trading after the September 11 attacks, the longest closure since the Great Depression.
2006 – Fourpeaked Mountain in Alaska erupts, marking the first eruption for the long-dormant volcano in at least 10,000 years.
2006 – An audio tape of a private speech by Hungarian Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsány is leaked to the public, in which he confessed that his Hungarian Socialist Party had lied to win the 2006 election, sparking widespread protests across the country.
2011 – Occupy Wall Street movement begins in Zuccotti Park, New York City.
2016 – Two bombs explode in Seaside Park, New Jersey, and Manhattan, New York. 31 people are injured in the Manhattan bombing.
879 – Charles the Simple, French king (d. 929)

1192 – Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (d. 1219)
1433 – James of Portugal, Portuguese cardinal (d. 1459)
1479 – Celio Calcagnini, Italian astronomer (d. 1541)
1550 – Pope Paul V (d. 1621)
1565 – Edward Fortunatus, German nobleman (d. 1600)
1578 – John Prideaux, Academic administrator and bishop (d. 1650)
1605 – Francesco Sacrati, Italian composer (d. 1650)
1629 – Sir John Perceval, 1st Baronet, Irish nobleman (d. 1665)
1630 – Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1694)
1639 – Hans Herr, Swiss bishop (d. 1725)
1674 – Ernest Augustus, Duke of York and Albany (d. 1728)
1677 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist and chemist, invented Forceps (d. 1761)
1687 – Durastante Natalucci, Italian historian and scholar (d. 1772)
1688 – Maria Luisa of Savoy (d. 1714)
1730 – Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian-American general (d. 1794)
1739 – John Rutledge, American judge and politician, 2nd Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1800)
1743 – Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and political scientist (d. 1794)
1771 – Johann August Apel, German jurist and author (d. 1816)
1773 – Jonathan Alder, American captain and farmer (d. 1849)
1783 – Nadezhda Durova, Russian soldier (d. 1866)
1797 – Heinrich Kuhl, German naturalist and zoologist (d. 1821)
1819 – Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, South African general and politician, 1st President of the South African Republic (d. 1901)
1820 – Émile Augier, French playwright (d. 1889)
1821 – Arthur Saint-Léon, French playwright (d. 1870)
1825 – Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar II, American jurist and politician, 16th United States Secretary of the Interior (d. 1893)
1826 – Bernhard Riemann, German-Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1866)
1850 – Guerra Junqueiro, Portuguese journalist, lawyer, and politician (d. 1923)
1854 – David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-American businessman, founded Buick Motor Company (d. 1929)
1857 – Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian scientist and engineer (d. 1935)
1859 – Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist and academic (d. 1942)
1859 – Billy the Kid, American gunman (d. 1881)
1859 – I. L. Patterson, American politician, 18th Governor of Oregon (d. 1929)
1860 – Mihkel Martna, Estonian journalist and politician (d. 1934)
1864 – Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Ukrainian writer (d. 1913)
1864 – James Tancred, English admiral (d. 1943)
1865 – William Murray McPherson, Australian politician, 31st Premier of Victoria (d. 1932)
1867 – Vera Yevstafievna Popova, Russian chemist (d. 1896)
1868 – James Alexander Calder, Canadian educator and politician, Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence (d. 1956)
1869 – Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian political scientist, historian, and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1938)
1874 – Walter Murdoch, Australian author and academic (d. 1970)
1878 – Vincenzo Tommasini, Italian composer (d. 1950)
1879 – Rube Foster, American baseball player and manager (d. 1930)
1879 – Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian businessman and politician (d. 1973)
1881 – Alfred Carpenter, English admiral, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 1955)
1883 – William Carlos Williams, American poet, short story writer, and essayist (d. 1963)
1884 – Charles Griffes, American pianist and composer (d. 1920)
1886 – Anton Irv, Estonian captain (d. 1919)
1897 – Earl Webb, American baseball player and coach (d. 1965)
1900 – Hughie Critz, American baseball player (d. 1980)
1900 – J. Willard Marriott, American businessman, founded the Marriott Corporation (d. 1985)
1901 – Francis Chichester, English pilot and sailor (d. 1972)
1902 – Bea Miles, Australian author (d. 1973)
1903 – Karel Miljon, Dutch boxer (d. 1984)
1903 – Frank O'Connor, Irish short story writer, novelist, and poet (d. 1966)
1903 – Minanogawa Tōzō, Japanese sumo wrestler, the 34th Yokozuna (d. 1971)
1906 – J. R. Jayewardene, Sri Lankan lawyer and politician, 2nd President of Sri Lanka (d. 1996)
1906 – Edgar Wayburn, American physician and environmentalist (d. 2010)
1907 – Warren E. Burger, American lawyer and judge, 15th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1995)
1908 – John Creasey, English author and politician (d. 1973)
1908 – Rafael Israelyan, Armenian architect and educator, designed the Sardarapat Memorial and St. Vartan Cathedral (d. 1973)
1909 – Elizabeth Enright, American author and illustrator (d. 1968)
1912 – Irena Kwiatkowska, Polish actress (d. 2011)
1912 – Maksim Tank, Belarusian poet, journalist, and translator (d. 1995)
1914 – Thomas J. Bata, Czech-Canadian businessman (d. 2008)
1914 – Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1996)
1915 – M. F. Husain, Indian painter and director (d. 2011)
1916 – Mary Stewart, English-Scottish author and poet (d. 2014)
1917 – William Grut, Swedish pentathlete (d. 2012)
1917 – Ib Melchior, Danish-American author and screenwriter (d. 2015)
1917 – Isang Yun, South Korean-German composer and educator (d. 1995)
1918 – Lea Gottlieb, Hungarian-Israeli fashion designer, founded the Gottex Company (d. 2012)
1918 – Chaim Herzog, Irish-born Israeli general and politician, 6th President of Israel (d. 1997)
1920 – Dinah Sheridan, English actress (d. 2012)
1922 – Agostinho Neto, Angolan poet and politician, 1st President of Angola (d. 1979)
1923 – Ralph Sharon, English-American pianist, composer, and conductor (d. 2015)
1923 – Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 1953)
1925 – Dorothy Loudon, American actress and singer (d. 2003)
1926 – Bill Black, American bass player and bandleader (d. 1965)
1926 – Curtis Harrington, American actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 2007)
1926 – Hovie Lister, American minister and pianist (d. 2001)
1926 – Jean-Marie Lustiger, French cardinal (d. 2007)
1926 – Jack McDuff, American singer and organist (d. 2001)
1927 – George Blanda, American football player (d. 2010)
1928 – Park Honan, American author and academic (d. 2014)
1928 – Roddy McDowall, English-American actor (d. 1998)
1929 – Sil Austin, American saxophonist (d. 2001)
1929 – David Craig, Baron Craig of Radley, Northern Irish air marshal and politician
1929 – Stirling Moss, English race car driver and sportscaster
1930 – David Huddleston, American actor (d. 2016)
1930 – Lalgudi Jayaraman, Indian violinist and composer (d. 2013)
1930 – Theo Loevendie, Dutch clarinet player and composer
1930 – Edgar Mitchell, American captain, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2016)
1930 – Jim Rohn, American philosopher and author (d. 2009)
1930 – Thomas P. Stafford, American general, pilot, and astronaut
1931 – Anne Bancroft, American actress (d. 2005)
1931 – Jean-Claude Carrière, French actor and screenwriter
1932 – Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, emir of Qatar (d. 2016)
1932 – Robert B. Parker, American author and academic (d. 2010)
1932 – Indarjit Singh, Indian-English journalist
1933 – Bulldog Brower, American wrestler (d. 1997)
1933 – Chuck Grassley, American lawyer and politician
1933 – Claude Provost, Canadian-American ice hockey player (d. 1984)
1934 – Maureen Connolly, American tennis player (d. 1969)
1935 – Ken Kesey, American novelist, essayist, and poet (d. 2001)
1936 – Gerald Guralnik, American physicist and academic (d. 2014)
1936 – Michael Hennagin, American composer and educator (d. 1993)
1937 – Nigel Boocock, English-Australian motorcycle racer (d. 2015)
1937 – Orlando Cepeda, Puerto Rican-American baseball player
1937 – Sitakant Mahapatra, Indian poet and literary critic
1938 – Paul Benedict, American actor (d. 2008)
1938 – Perry Robinson, American clarinet player and composer
1938 – Bobby Wine, American baseball player and coach
1939 – Carl Dennis, American poet and educator
1939 – Shelby Flint, American singer-songwriter and voice actress
1939 – David Souter, American lawyer and jurist
1940 – Jan Eliasson, Swedish politician and diplomat, 4th Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations
1940 – Peter Lever, English cricketer
1940 – Gilberto Parlotti, Italian motorcycle racer (d. 1972)
1941 – Bob Matsui, American lawyer and politician (d. 2005)
1942 – Robert Graysmith, American author and illustrator
1942 – Des Lynam, Irish-English journalist and author
1942 – Lupe Ontiveros, American actress (d. 2012)
1944 – Les Emmerson, Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1944 – Reinhold Messner, Italian mountaineer and explorer
1944 – Jean Taylor, American mathematician and academic
1945 – David Emerson, Canadian economist and politician, 8th Minister of Foreign Affairs for Canada
1945 – Phil Jackson, American basketball player and coach
1945 – Bhakti Charu Swami, Indian religious leader
1946 – Billy Bonds, English footballer and manager
1946 – Heimar Lenk, Estonian journalist and politician
1947 – Tessa Jowell, English social worker and politician, Minister for the Cabinet Office
1947 – Enrique Krauze, Mexican historian, critic, and publisher
1947 – Gail Carson Levine, American author
1947 – Jeff MacNelly, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
1948 – Raphy Leavitt, Puerto Rican-American accordion player and composer (d. 2015)
1948 – Kemal Monteno, Bosnian singer-songwriter (d. 2015)
1948 – John Ritter, American actor and producer (d. 2003)
1949 – Ron Stevens, Canadian lawyer and politician (d. 2014)
1950 – Narendra Modi, Chief Minister of Gujarat, India (2001-14) and politician, 15th Prime Minister of India
1950 – Fee Waybill, American singer-songwriter and producer
1951 – Russell Brown, Scottish politician
1951 – Piet Kleine, Dutch speed skater and coach
1951 – Cassandra Peterson, American actress, television host, and producer
1952 – Harold Solomon, American tennis player and coach
1953 – Luís Amado, Portuguese politician, former minister of Minister of Foreign Affairs
1953 – Tamasin Day-Lewis, English chef and author
1953 – Altaf Hussain, Pakistani-English soldier and politician
1953 – Rita Rudner, American actress, comedian, and screenwriter
1954 – Joël-François Durand, French pianist and composer
1954 – Bill Irwin, American wrestler
1955 – Brendan O'Carroll, Irish actor, director, and screenwriter
1955 – Scott Simpson, American golfer
1956 – Almazbek Atambayev, Kyrgyz politician, 4th President of Kyrgyzstan
1956 – Thad Bosley, American baseball player and coach
1956 – Mandawuy Yunupingu, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)
1957 – David Bintley, English ballet dancer and director
1957 – Steve Bryles, American businessman and politician (d. 2012)
1958 – Janez Janša, Slovenian politician, 5th Prime Minister of Slovenia
1958 – Tom Waddell, Scottish-American baseball player
1960 – John Bottomley, Canadian singer-songwriter (d. 2011)
1960 – John Franco, American baseball player
1960 – Damon Hill, English race car driver and guitarist
1960 – Alan Krueger, American economist and academic
1961 – Jim Cornette, American wrestling manager and sportscaster
1961 – Giorgos Koumoutsakos, Greek politician
1962 – Baz Luhrmann, Australian director, producer, and screenwriter
1962 – Dustin Nguyen, Vietnamese-American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1962 – Hesham Qandil, Egyptian engineer and politician, 51st Prime Minister of Egypt
1962 – Wayne Riley, Australian golfer
1962 – BeBe Winans, American singer-songwriter and producer
1963 – Masahiro Chono, American-Japanese wrestler and manager
1963 – James Urbaniak, American actor, producer, and screenwriter
1965 – Kyle Chandler, American actor
1965 – Yuji Naka, Japanese video game designer, created Sonic the Hedgehog
1965 – Guy Picciotto, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer
1965 – Bryan Singer, American director, producer, and screenwriter
1966 – Doug E. Fresh, American rapper and producer
1967 – Michael Carbajal, American boxer
1968 – Cheryl Strayed, American author
1968 – Tito Vilanova, Spanish footballer and manager (d. 2014)
1969 – Adam Devlin, English guitarist and songwriter
1969 – Ken Doherty, Irish snooker player
1969 – Keith Flint, English singer-songwriter
1969 – Greg King, New Zealand lawyer and television host (d. 2012)
1969 – Tarvo Seeman, Estonian chess player
1969 – Paul Varelans, American MMA fighter and wrestler
1970 – Mark Brunell, American football player and coach
1971 – Nate Berkus, American interior designer and television host
1971 – Mike Catt, South African-English rugby player and coach
1971 – Andy Edwards, English footballer
1971 – Steve Kerrigan, American businessman and politician
1971 – Mauro Milanese, Italian footballer and manager
1972 – Bobby Lee, American comedian, actor, and screenwriter
1973 – Diego Albanese, Argentine rugby player
1973 – Demis Nikolaidis, Greek footballer
1974 – Tormod Granheim, Norwegian skier and explorer
1974 – Mirah, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1974 – Craig Spence, Australian golfer
1974 – Rasheed Wallace, American basketball player and coach
1975 – Wilko de Vogt, Dutch footballer
1975 – Jade Esteban Estrada, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actor
1975 – Jimmie Johnson, American race car driver
1975 – Pumpkinhead, American rapper (d. 2015)
1977 – Sam Esmail, American screenwriter
1977 – Simone Perrotta, Italian footballer
1978 – Sheeri Cabral, American computer scientist and blogger
1978 – Shawn Horcoff, Canadian ice hockey player
1979 – Steffen Algreen, Danish footballer
1979 – Akin Ayodele, American football player
1979 – Flo Rida, American rapper
1980 – Dan Haren, American baseball player
1980 – Shabana Mahmood, English lawyer and politician, Shadow Chief Secretary to the Treasury
1980 – Oliver Risser, Namibian footballer
1981 – Casey Janssen, American baseball player
1981 – Bakari Koné, Ivorian footballer
1981 – Francis Manioru, Solomon sprinter
1982 – Hope Larson, American illustrator
1982 – Garth Murray, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Domenico Citro, Italian footballer
1984 – Mary DeScenza, American swimmer
1984 – John Kucera, Canadian skier
1984 – Patrick van Luijk, Dutch sprinter
1984 – Eugenia Volodina, Russian model
1985 – Tomáš Berdych, Czech tennis player
1985 – Brendan Clarke, Irish footballer
1985 – José Gonçalves, Portuguese footballer
1985 – Brendan Oake, Australian rugby league player
1985 – Alexander Ovechkin, Russian ice hockey player
1985 – Mason Raymond, Canadian ice hockey player
1985 – Jon Walker, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1986 – Ravichandran Ashwin, Indian cricketer
1986 – Paolo De Ceglie, Italian footballer
1986 – Yussef Suleiman, Syrian footballer (d. 2013)
1987 – Paul Huntington, English footballer
1989 – Kate Deines, American soccer player
1990 – Sean Scannell, English footballer
1990 – Pixie Geldof, English model and singer
1991 – Ryo Ishikawa, Japanese golfer
1991 – Justyna Jegiołka, Polish tennis player
1991 – Cameron King, Australian rugby league player
1991 – Sanne Wevers, Dutch gymnast
1993 – Sofiane Boufal, Moroccan footballer
1996 – Ella Purnell, British actress
1997 – Auston Matthews, American ice hockey player
456 – Remistus, Roman general
936 – Unni, archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen
1025 – Hugh Magnus, co-King of France (b. 1007)
1148 – Conan III, Duke of Brittany (b. 1070)
1179 – Hildegard of Bingen, German mystic, composer, and saint (b. 1098)
1322 – Robert III, Count of Flanders (b. 1249)
1415 – Michael de la Pole, 2nd Earl of Suffolk (killed in battle) (b. 1367)
1422 – Constantine II of Bulgaria (b. 1370)
1482 – William III, Duke of Luxembourg (b. 1430)
1563 – Henry Manners, 2nd Earl of Rutland, English soldier (b. 1526)
1574 – Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Spanish admiral and explorer, founded St. Augustine, Florida (b. 1519)
1575 – Heinrich Bullinger, Swiss theologian and reformer (b. 1504)
1609 – Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Bohemian rabbi, mystic and philosopher (b. 1520)
1621 – Robert Bellarmine, Italian cardinal and saint (b. 1542)
1626 – Johann Schweikhard von Kronberg, German cleric and politician, Archbishop-Elector of Mainz (b. 1553)
1630 – Thomas Lake, English politician, English Secretary of State (b. 1567)
1665 – Philip IV of Spain (b. 1605)
1676 – Sabbatai Zevi, Turkish rabbi and scholar (b. 1626)
1679 – John of Austria the Younger, Spanish general and politician, Governor of the Habsburg Netherlands (b. 1629)
1762 – Francesco Geminiani, Italian violinist and composer (b. 1687)
1771 – Tobias Smollett, Scottish-Italian author and poet (b. 1721)
1803 – Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Austrian composer and director (b. 1766)
1808 – Benjamin Bourne, American judge and politician (b. 1755)
1817 – Jacques Bernard d'Anselme, French general (b. 1740)
1836 – Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist and author (b. 1748)
1858 – Dred Scott, American slave (b. 1795)
1863 – Charles Robert Cockerell, English archaeologist and architect (b. 1788)
1863 – Alfred de Vigny, French author, poet, and playwright (b. 1797)
1864 – Walter Savage Landor, English author and poet (b. 1775)
1868 – Roman Nose, Native American warrior (b. circa 1823)
1877 – Henry Fox Talbot, English photographer, developed the Calotype Process (b. 1800)
1878 – Orélie-Antoine de Tounens, French lawyer and adventurer (b. 1825)
1879 – Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect and theorist (b. 1814)
1894 – Deng Shichang, Chinese captain (b. 1849)
1899 – Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American businessman, co-founded the Pillsbury Company (b. 1842)
1907 – Ignaz Brüll, Czech-Austrian pianist and composer (b. 1846)
1908 – Henri Julien, Canadian cartoonist (b. 1852)
1908 – Thomas Selfridge, American lieutenant and pilot (b. 1882)
1909 – Thomas Bent, Australian businessman and politician, 22nd Premier of Victoria (b. 1838)
1911 – Edmonia Lewis, American sculptor (b. 1844)
1923 – Stefanos Dragoumis, Greek judge and politician, 92nd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1842)
1925 – Carl Eytel, German-American painter and illustrator (b. 1862)
1933 – Joseph De Piro, Maltese priest and missionary (b. 1877)
1936 – Ettie Annie Rout, New Zealand author and activist (b. 1877)
1937 – Walter Dubislav, German logician and philosopher of science, Vienna circle member (b. 1895)
1938 – Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet and author (b. 1901)
1943 – Friedrich Zickwolff, German general (b. 1893)
1948 – Ruth Benedict, American anthropologist and academic (b. 1887)
1948 – Folke Bernadotte, Swedish soldier and diplomat (b. 1895)
1951 – Jimmy Yancey, American pianist and composer (b. 1898)
1953 – David Munson, American runner (b. 1884)
1953 – Hans Feige, German general (Wehrmacht) (b. 1880)
1961 – Adnan Menderes, Turkish lawyer and politician, 9th Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1899)
1965 – Alejandro Casona, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1903)
1966 – Fritz Wunderlich, German tenor and actor (b. 1930)
1971 – Carlos Lamarca, Brazilian captain (b. 1937)
1972 – Akim Tamiroff, American actor (b. 1899)
1973 – Hugo Winterhalter, American bandleader and composer (b. 1909)
1975 – Nicola Moscona, Greek-American singer-songwriter (b. 1907)
1980 – Anastasio Somoza Debayle, Nicaraguan commander and politician, 73rd President of Nicaragua (b. 1925)
1982 – Manos Loïzos, Egyptian-Greek composer (b. 1937)
1983 – Humberto Sousa Medeiros, Portuguese-American cardinal (b. 1915)
1984 – Richard Basehart, American actor and director (b. 1914)
1985 – Laura Ashley, Welsh fashion designer, founded Laura Ashley plc (b. 1925)
1987 – Harry Locke, English actor (b. 1913)
1991 – Zino Francescatti, French violinist and composer (b. 1902)
1992 – Roger Wagner, American conductor and educator (b. 1914)
1993 – Willie Mosconi, American pool player and actor (b. 1913)
1993 – Christian Nyby, American director and producer (b. 1913)
1994 – John Delafose, American accordion player (b. 1939)
1994 – Vitas Gerulaitis, American tennis player and coach (b. 1954)
1994 – Karl Popper, Austrian-English philosopher and academic (b. 1902)
1995 – Isadore Epstein, Estonian-American astronomer and academic (b. 1919)
1995 – Lucien Victor, Belgian cyclist (b. 1931)
1996 – Spiro Agnew, American soldier and politician, 39th Vice President of the United States (b. 1918)
1997 – Red Skelton, American actor and comedian (b. 1913)
1998 – Ted Binion, American poker player and businessman (b. 1943)
1998 – Geoffrey Dutton, Australian historian and author (b. 1922)
1999 – Frankie Vaughan, English singer and actor (b. 1928)
2000 – Georgiy Gongadze, Georgian-Ukrainian journalist and director (b. 1969)
2003 – Erich Hallhuber, German actor (b. 1951)
2005 – Jacques Lacarrière, French journalist and critic (b. 1925)
2005 – Alfred Reed, American composer and educator (b. 1921)
2009 – Dick Durock, American stuntman and actor (b. 1937)
2009 – Noordin Mohammad Top, Malaysian terrorist (b. 1968)
2011 – Colin Madigan, Australian architect and author, designed the National Gallery of Australia (b. 1921)
2012 – Melvin Charney, Canadian sculptor and architect (b. 1935)
2012 – Lou Kenton, English soldier and potter (b. 1908)
2012 – Russell E. Train, American soldier and civil servant (b. 1920)
2013 – Kristian Gidlund, Swedish drummer and journalist (b. 1983)
2013 – Larry Lake, American-Canadian trumpet player and composer (b. 1943)
2013 – Bernie McGann, Australian saxophonist and composer (b. 1937)
2013 – Alex Naumik, Lithuanian-Norwegian singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1949)
2013 – Michael J. Noonan, Irish farmer and politician, 25th Irish Minister of Defence (b. 1935)
2013 – Marvin Rainwater, American singer-songwriter (b. 1925)
2013 – Eiji Toyoda, Japanese businessman (b. 1913)
2014 – George Hamilton IV, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1937)
2014 – Andriy Husin, Ukrainian footballer and manager (b. 1972)
2014 – Wakachichibu Komei, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1939)
2014 – Charles Read, Australian air marshal (b. 1918)
2014 – Peter von Bagh, Finnish historian, director, and screenwriter (b. 1943)
2014 – China Zorrilla, Uruguayan actress (b. 1922)
2015 – Ingrīda Andriņa, Latvian actress (b. 1944)
2015 – Dettmar Cramer, German footballer and manager (b. 1925)
2015 – Milo Hamilton, American sportscaster (b. 1927)
2015 – Vadim Kuzmin, Russian physicist and academic (b. 1937)
2015 – David Willcocks, English organist, composer, and conductor (b. 1919)
2016 – Bahman Golbarnezhad, Iranian racing cyclist (b. 1968)
2016 – Sigge Parling, Swedish footballer (b. 1936)
Holidays and observances[edit]
Australian Citizenship Day
Batman Day, an annual observance begun by DC Comics on September 17, 2013[1][2][3]
Christian feast day:
Albert Avogadro
Ariadne of Phrygia
Blessed Cecilia Eusepi
Stanislaus Papczyński
Hildegard of Bingen
Robert Bellarmine
Satyrus of Milan
Socrates and Stephen
Zygmunt Szczęsny Feliński
September 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
Constitution Day, observed on the previous Friday if it falls on a Saturday, the following Monday if on a Sunday; and the beginning of the Constitution Week (United States)
Heroes' Day (Angola)
Marathwada Liberation Day (Maharashtra)
Operation Market Garden Anniversary is still remembered with parachuting and dedications on this day. (Netherlands)
Sybirak's Day (Poland)

Teachers' Day (Honduras)

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