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शनिवार, 29 जुलाई 2017

THE FUNDAMENTAL UNIT OF LIFE -II SC.IX

(Chapter – end)
1. Make a comparison and write down ways in which plant cells are different from animal cells.
Ans.

2. How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?
Ans.

3. What would happen if the plasma membrane ruptures or breaks down?
Ans. The rupture or break down of cell’s plasma membrane indicates that cell is damaged and in such condition the lysosomes of the damaged cells may burst and the digestive enzymes present inside those lysosomes would digest their own cell. This will result into death of the cell.

4. What would happen to the life of a cell if there was no Golgi apparatus?
Ans. The functions of golgi apparatus includes storage, modification and packaging of products in the vesicles. If there was no golgi apparatus for a cell then all sort of storage, modification, packaging and dispatch of materials within and outside the cell would be impossible.

5. Which organelle is known as the powerhouse of the cell? Why?
Ans. It is Mitochondria of the cell also k own as the power house of the cell because it synthesizes energy in the form of ATP during respiration which is vital for various life activities.

6. Where do the lipids and proteins constituting the cell membrane get synthesised?
Ans. The endoplasmic reticulum is of two types:
i) Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) : It is responsible for the synthesis of lipids constituting cell membrane.
ii) Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) : It bears the ribosomes and is therefore responsible for the synthesis of proteins constituting cell membrane.

7. How does an Amoeba obtain its food?
Ans. Amoeba feeds on microorganisms (like planktons) which float on water. It develops false feet or pseudopodia to surround the food finally captures the food within a sac like structure called the food vacuole inside which digestion of food takes place.

8. What is osmosis?
Ans. Osmosis is the movement of water(solvent) from a region of high water concentration through a semipermeable membrane to a region of low concentration of water. It can take place only in liquid medium and not in solid or gases. Example is absorption of water from soil by plant roots.

9. Carry out the following osmosis experiment:
Take four peeled potato halves and scoops each one out to make potato cups. One of these potato cups should be made from a boiled potato. Put each potato cup in a trough containing water. Now,
(a) Keep cup A empty
(b) Put one teaspoon sugar in cup B
(c) Put one teaspoon salt in cup C
(d) Put one teaspoon sugar in the boiled potato cup D.
Keep these for two hours. Then observe the four potato cups and answer the following:
(i) Explain why water gathers in the hollowed portion of B and C.
(ii) Why is potato A necessary for this experiment?
(iii) Explain why water does not gather in the hollowed out portions of A and D.
Ans. i) When we put one teaspoon sugar in cup B and one teaspoon salt in cup C, the hypertonic solution is formed inside so through osmosis water from outside enters inside and collects in the hollowed portion of cups B & C.
ii) Potato A is necessary to observe osmosis.
iii) In hollowed out portion of A & D there is no solution (liquid medium) present therefore osmosis cannot take place and as a result water does not gather.

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