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शनिवार, 22 जुलाई 2017

Class –VI Political Science Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihood

Class –VI Political Science

Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihood

Question 1.Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions ofworkers who come to the labour chowk.
Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay Rs 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers
Keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.
Answer : These labourers are generally find out regular work. At labour chowk, number of worker are available at a time. Their jobs is for only one or two days. They spend their night on pavements or in the rein vasera built by Municipal Corporation. Their daily earning is not sure. Their economic position is unbalanced. They eat what they earn and spend on their families.
Question 2.Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:
NamePlace of WorkEarningsSecurity of WorkBenefits ReceivedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu ManjhiRs 100 per day
Harpreet, VandanaWork on their own
NirmalaNo security
SudhaCompanyRs 30,000 pm
Answer
NamePlace of WorkEarningsSecurity of WorkBenefits ReceivedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu ManjhiA cycle-rik- show puller in the city bus stopRs 100 per dayNoSend some money to his familyOwn
Harpreet, VandanaReadymade
showrom
GoodYesIncrease in incomeWork on their own
NirmalaGarment FactoryRs 80 and Rs 40 for OvertimeNo securityIn summer season when Business is on full swingEmployed
SudhaCompanyRs 30,000 pmYesMedical Facilities , P.F, HolidaysEmployed
Question 3.In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job?Discuss.
Answer :
Permanent and regular job: These jobs are secure. People enjoying these jobs have bright future. They have fixed working hours and fixed salaries. They were also provided some facilities such as medical facilities, all national holidays, annual leaves and provident fund.
Casual job: These jobs are an temporary basis. The people were employed on daily wages. They were provided Rs. 70 to Rs. 100 per day. Their work is very hard. Casual jobs are provided by private factories when their season is on full swing. The future is not secured in these kinds of jobs.
Question 4.What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?
Answer : Sudha enjoys the following benefits with her salary:
(i) She deposits her Provident Fund as a saving.
(ii) She can get medical leave when she feels ill and also her company provided medical facilities to her.
(iii) She gets off an every Sunday national fastivals and also yets some annual leaves.
Question 5.Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in themarkets which you visit frequently.
Name of the shoper office Nature of the service provided
Answer :
Name of the shoper officeNature of the service provided
(i) General storeGrocery items
(ii) Book storeBooks of different level, stationery items, pens, pencils, etc.
(iii) Chemist shopDifferent types of medicines
(iv) mother dairy booth.Milk, curd, ice-cream and different types of vegitables.
(v)Electricity officeTo deposit electricity bill and to complaint against the supply of electricity if any.

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