शनिवार, 22 जुलाई 2017

Class –VI political science Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods

Class –VI political science
Chapter 8 – Rural Livelihoods
Question 1. You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in avariety of non-farm work. List five of these.
Answer (i) Making pots
(ii) Making basket
(iii) Making bricks
(iv) Making utensils
(v) Making bullock-carts.
Question 2.List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who dependon farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?
Barber, blacksmith, weavers, washermen, labourers, shopkeepers and traders are some of the families who live in Kalpattu village. Traders, shopkeepers, weavers and labourers are some of the people amongst them who depends on farming. Ordinary labour is the poorest among them because their earning depands on the availability of labour in farming or any other work which they can do.
Question 3.Imagine you are a member of a fishing family and you are discussingwhether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?
If I were a member of fishing family, I would say we must take loan from the bank to improve the condition of our occupation because :
(i) The best quality net for fishing cost very high.
(ii) Catamaran engine are very useful for fishing because with the help of this we can go for away to catch fishes.
A poor fishermen cannot purchases these items because they are very costly. So we must take loan from the bank to improve our social, status so increased income.
Question 4.Poor rural labourers like Thulasi often do not have access to good medicalfacilities, good schools, and other resources. You have read about inequality in thefirst unit of this text. The difference between her and Ramalingam is one ofinequality. Do you think this is a fair situation? What do you think can be done?Discuss in class.
Answer : Yes, in India it is a major problem.
Here also the main difference between them is that the living standard.
Also, some poeple leads happy and joyful life while the other have towork hard for their daily bread.
Question 5.What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekarwhen they get into debt? Discuss.
Answer :
Their debt must be pardoned. Rate of interest might be decreased. Government can also gave them sufficient time to return the debt. In case of natural hazard the loss should immediately calculated and also some relaxation on debt be given.
Question 6.Compare the situation of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out thefollowing table:
Answer :
1. Land cultivatedAbout 2 acresAbout 20 acres
2. Labour requiredDuring the time of harvesting required labour otherwise manage to do the works of his ownDepends on labour
3. Loans requiredYesNo.
4. Selling of harvestHe sold his paddy to the trader at low price than providing in the market.He would sell his paddy in the market.
5. Other work done by themHe worked in Ramalingam rice mill.He is the owner of rice mill.

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