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शनिवार, 22 जुलाई 2017

Class –VI political science Chapter 5 –Panchayati Raj

Class –VI political science
Chapter 5 –Panchayati Raj
Question 1. What problem did the villagers in Hardas village face? What did they do to solve this problem?
Answer
The main problem which the people of the Hardas village faced was storage of water. The hand pump water has gone well below the point up to which the ground has been drilled. We hardly get any water in the taps. Women have to go to the Sum river which is 3 k.m. away to get water. One of the members suggests piping water from the Suru and making an overhead tank in the village to increase the supply. But the others think that this will be expensive. It’s better, they feel, to deepen the handpumps and clean the wells for this season. Tijia says, “This is not enough. We need to do something more permanent as groundwater levels seem to be going down every year. We’re using more water than is seeping into the ground.”
Another member, Anwar then tells everyone that he has seen ways of conserving water and recharging (refilling) it in a village in Maharashtra where he’d once gone to visit his brother. It was called watershed development and he had heard that the government gave money for this work.
In this brother’s village people had planted trees, constructed check- dams and tanks. Everyone thought this was an interesting idea and the Gram Panchayat was asked to find out about it in detail.
Question 2. What, in your opinion, is the importance of the Gram Sabha? Do you think all members should attend Gram Sabha meetings? Why?
Answer
The Gram Sabha help the villagers in solving their basic problems and fulfilling their needs. Yes, it is important to all the members to attend the meeting of Gram Sabha. It secures the participation of the villagers in the commodity development.
Question 3. What is the link between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer
The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all people (men and women) of the age of 18 years or above, who live in the area covered by the Panchayat. Anyone who is 18 years old or more and live in the area covered, has a right to vote is a member of the Gram Sabha.
Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat are linked with each other through the meeting of Gram Sabha. Gram Panchayat comes to know about the problems of the people and try to solve them.
Question 4. Take an example of any one task done by a Panchayat in your area/nearby rural area and find out the following:
a.Why it was taken up.
b.Where the money came from.
c.Whether or not the work has been completed.
Answer
(a) Task : A connecting road from village to the main road.
(b) Fund : The money came from Gram Panchayat fund.
(c) Yes, the work has been completed.
Question 5.What is the difference between a Gram Sabha and a Gram Panchayat?
Answer
Gram sabhaGram panchayat
(i) Every adult man and woman in village who has attainedthe age of 18 years or above; are the members of the Gram Sabha.(i) The members of the Gram Sabha elect some representatives from themselvesto form Gram Panchayat.
(ii)The number of members can be between 100 to 1000.(ii) The number of members can be from 7 to 31.
(iii) There is no concept of reservation.(iii) Out of total, l/3rd seats are reserved for women and some for scheduled caste and schedule tribes.

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