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शनिवार, 22 जुलाई 2017

Class –VI GEOGRAPHY Chapter 7 – Urban Administration

Class –VI GEOGRAPHY
Chapter 7 – Urban Administration
Question 1.Why did the children go to Yasmin Khala’s house?
Answer : While playing in street, children broke the street light. They went to Yasmin Khala’s house to know what to do for make up this street light.
Question 2.List four ways in which the work of the Municipal Corporation affects the
life of a city-dweller.
Answer :
The work of the Municipal corporation affect the life of a city- dwellers in following ways :
(i) It builds hospitals for the people.
(ii) It opens library in different areas.
(iii) It cleans the slums.
(iv) It opens school for children.
(v) It takes care of the street light.
(vi) It keeps the streets and markets clean.
Question 3.Who is a Municipal Councillor?
Answer : The elected members of the Municipal Corporation are called Municipal Councillor. They are elected for a fix tenure of the five years, but can be removed.
Question 4.What did Gangabai do and why?
Answer:
Garbage was laying all over here and there in neighbourhood of Gangabai. People were gettingsuffocation of the foul smell. Gangabai decided to go to Ward Councillor with her neighbour sothat this problem can be solved. She described this situation to him and he promised to solve thisproblem immediately.
Gangabai also threatened to Commissioner that if the problem was not solved within two days anumber of women from her locality would protest against the corporation in front ofCommissioner’s office.
Question 5.How does the Municipal Corporation earn the money to do its work?
Answer:
The Municipal Corporation earns the money to do its work in following ways:
(i)Property tax on house, land etc.
(ii) Tax on trade and business
(iii) Fees on water facilities.
(iv) Fees on electricity facilities.
(v) Income and rent earned from the institutions, property like the buildings, markets etc.
(vi) Grants from the state government.
(vii) Income from various kinds of fine on pets or stray animals.
Question 6. Discuss In the two photographs you see different ways of collecting anddisposing garbage.
i) Which way do you think provides safety to the person disposing garbage?
ii) What are the dangers of collecting garbage in the manner shown in the firstphotograph?
iii) Why do you think that proper ways of disposing garbage are not available to thosewho work in municipalities?
Answer :
(i)As shown in photo 2.
(ii)The animals oaring around garbage dump may cause injury, herm or hurt to the personaly.
There is always a fear of being get seriously ill or fall in the grip of serious diseases.
(iii) Municiplities have less facilities and transport available to dispose garbage as compared to the corporations.
Question 7.Several poor people in the city work as domestic servants as well as workfor the Corporation, keeping the city clean. Yet the slums in which they live arefilthy. This is because these slums seldom have any water and sanitation facilities.
The reason often given by the Municipal Corporation is that the land in which the poor have set up their homes does not belong to them and that slum-dwellers do notpay taxes. However people living in middle class neighbourhoods pay very little intaxes compared to the amount of money the corporation spends on them in setting upparks, street lighting facilities, regular garbage collection etc. Also as you read in thischapter, the property taxes collected by the Municipality makes up only 25-30percent of its money. Why do you think it is important that the Corporation shouldspend more money on slum localities? Why is it important that the MunicipalCorporation provide the poor in the city with the same facilities that the rich get?
Answer : (i) As shown in photo 2.
(ii) The animals oaring around garbage dump may causeinjury, herm or hurt to the personaly. There is always a fear of being get seriously ill or fall in thegrip of serious diseases.
(iii) Municiplities have less facilities and transport available to dispose garbage as compared tothe corporations.

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